The Fruits Of Burma, Mango, Papaya in addition to also also Co Part 1

The Fruits Of Burma, Mango, Papaya In Addition To Also Also Co Part 1

Writing about fruits will be similar to writing about e.g. flowers in addition to also also/or vegetables. I think one cannot confine oneself to describing the fruit, flower or vegetable in addition to also also some of the respective botanical aspects alone nevertheless should whenever in which will be possible in addition to also also/or makes sense also address their origins, their trees or plants, the issue of symbolism in addition to also also the uses they are put to – by the kitchen to the religious shrine to the pharmacy, as in which were – as otherwise not only the reading about them might become a bit boring nevertheless also because the picture will remain incomplete. If you do not agree please tell me of what use in which could be to merely tell you bananas in addition to also also coconuts are growing in Burma in addition to also also in which bananas are yellow in addition to also also bend whereas the kernel of the coconut will be round to oval in addition to also also brown? You see what I mean? I admit This particular article will be a bit longer than my usual ones because I am also using a lot of botanical names (for the botanists amongst you) nevertheless in which will nevertheless – so I expect – make interesting reading. in which will at least – in which I am very certain about – be quite instructive. By the way, you will be surprised to read in which many flowers in addition to also also/or fruits you like very much are belonging to families you could have never expected. could you e.g. have expected in which the strawberry will be a member of the family ‘Rosaceae’ the flowers of which are known to you a rose? Or did you know in which the core of the banana stem in addition to also also the banana blossom are not only edible nevertheless are also very delicious? These things in addition to also also much more will be revealed in This particular article.

The Fruits Of Burma, Mango, Papaya In Addition To Also Also Co Part 1

OK, let us jump at the opportunity in addition to also also learn more about fruits, in general, while concerning ourselves with the fruits of Burma (since 1989 also called Myanmar), in particular.

The Fruits Of Burma, Mango, Papaya In Addition To Also Also Co Part 1

Burma will be like all tropical in addition to also also subtropical countries benefited by a climate in which allows continuous growing, cultivating in addition to also also harvesting of fruits both of seasonal in addition to also also year-round kind. With its abundant moisture in addition to also also warm to hot temperatures from the lowlands in addition to also also temperate climate from the mountains in which produces the most diverse fruits in high quality in addition to also also in great quantities.

The Fruits Of Burma, Mango, Papaya In Addition To Also Also Co Part 1

When speaking of fruits of Burma we must not only classify them into seasonal in addition to also also year-round kinds nevertheless also into almost globally grown in addition to also also cultivated ones such as e.g. the apple in addition to also also grape or the strawberry in addition to also also fruits such as the mango in addition to also also the papaya or banana in which are native to in addition to also also exclusively growing in tropical in addition to also also subtropical climates in addition to also also countries.

The Fruits Of Burma, Mango, Papaya In Addition To Also Also Co Part 1

In some other words, the apple, grape in addition to also also strawberry are non-tropical/subtropical fruits because they cannot thrive well without longer periods with temperatures about in addition to also also below 0 degree Celsius/32 degree Fahrenheit, i.e. without frost in addition to also also without essential environmental conditions such as the appropriate nourishment, soil drainage, proper degree of humidity, right amount of hours of sunshine/day, average temperatures, amount of water, etc. Merely soil, water in addition to also also sunshine are not sufficient enough for a tree, plant or flower to thrive well.

The Fruits Of Burma, Mango, Papaya In Addition To Also Also Co Part 1

Trees in addition to also also plants may grow in environments they are not adapted to – which to become takes without interference through e.g. grafting in addition to also also/or budding, a long evolutionary process – nevertheless cannot unfold their respective qualities to the full. So, do not expect of fruits in which are not native to the tropics what you are in terms of size, colour, odour, flavour, sweetness, juiciness, etc. used to in your non-tropical home country where these fruits are native to. Do you have tropical or subtropical fruits such as bananas, mangosteen or papayas growing in North Europe or the north of North America? You see what I mean?

The Fruits Of Burma, Mango, Papaya In Addition To Also Also Co Part 1

Nevertheless, I will, without spending too much time on them, include certain non-tropic fruits in This particular article as far as they are cultivated in Burma in addition to also also will hopefully in a combined effort of nature in addition to also also men by e.g. crossing of desirable parents or beneficial mutation in standard varieties adapt to the climate here. At the end of This particular process of the fruits concerned may have been developed fresh varieties with wonderful characteristics in addition to also also qualities. Who knows? We cannot force nature to do its job; we can only assist in addition to also also learn by in which. Therefore, do not blame Burma for the fact in which these non-tropical fruits are not as Great here as from the countries they are native to in addition to also also do not blame me for admitting in which in addition to also also just telling the truth. Burma cannot help in which because in which will be a matter of nature in addition to also also I am just being objective.

As for the former (the apple, etc) they are not as Great in Burma as in some other countries with proper natural environment nevertheless in which should not pose any problem to foreign visitors to Burma who come e.g. by Europe or North America as they have these fruits in highest quality in addition to also also abundance in their own countries. After all, these people do certainly not come to Burma in order to eat here those fruits which are cultivated in their home countries, maybe in their own garden. Actually they are not coming just to eat fruits nevertheless once being here in which could be a shame not to eat them. They could be missing out on something actually wonderful. However, as for the latter (the mango, etc.), Burma/Burma features a lot to offer in which will be truly remarkable. Mind you, we are not speaking of fruits in which are available in Burma when speaking of the ‘Fruits of Burma’. in which will be true, all kinds of fruits are available in developed countries, even the most exotic, in addition to also also those fruits in which are not available there do simply not exist anywhere else, nevertheless tropical in addition to also also subtropical fruits such as those of Burma might be available in foreign countries nevertheless do not grow there.

When speaking of fruits of Burma we are speaking of fruits in which are typical of Burma in addition to also also ripen here on the tree, bush or on the stem in addition to also also not artificially in addition to also also at storage facilities as those fruits in which are determined for consumption in foreign countries are plucked prematurely in order not to be overripe when ultimately displayed in shops of far-away countries. In some other words, fruits are often transported over great distances what even nowadays with our fast means of transportation takes a long time by the tree of the fruit farmer to the shelf of the shop in which they are finally sold. They must arrive at their destination close to or on nevertheless not after the peak of their ripeness since fruits decay very rapidly. Therefore they are plucked or picked before they have almost reached This particular point on the tree. in addition to also also in which makes a great difference in colour, odour in addition to also also flavour. This particular will be a difference in which makes out all in which what eating of fruits actually will be about: savouriness. in addition to also also savour you can the fruits of Burma in Burma; they are tree-ripened.

If you have a soft spot for tropical in addition to also also subtropical fruits, Burma will be the place to be because here they grow. by A as in ‘Awza thee’ or custard apple, as in which will be called in English, to Z as in ‘Zee thee’ or plum, here you get something for every taste even when allowing for the fact in which not everyone likes every fruit what may be true especially for the ‘Du win thee’ (durian) in addition to also also/or ‘Pein gne thee’ (Jackfruit), which are very healthy in addition to also also much loved by almost all of the locals nevertheless not necessarily so by foreigners as at least their pungent smell, if in which will be the word, needs very much getting used to; if in which will be possible at all, in which will be.

nevertheless in which you get here something for everyone will be not all. As for certain fruits in which are also growing in some other tropical countries, in Burma you get the very best of them.

currently if you do not mind come in addition to also also accompany me on my trip into the realm of Burma’s flora. Let us take a closer look at the fruits of Burma in addition to also also in doing so keep the very best, the highlights of the journey, as in which were, till the end. This particular trip will be a little bit longer nevertheless as I expect both informative in addition to also also entertaining. Fasten your seatbelts; here we go. The non-tropical fruits cultivated in Burma are e.g. the apple, grape in addition to also also strawberry.

Those tropical fruits in which are native to Burma in addition to also also those in which are not originated in Burma nevertheless have over time become part of its native flora are, from the category ‘year-round fruits’, e.g. the banana, papaya, lemon, lime or sweet lime, grapefruit/pomelo, pomegranate, avocado, coconut in addition to also also fig.

from the category ‘seasonal fruits’ these are from the sequence of their season e.g. the mango in addition to also also jackfruit, durian in addition to also also mangosteen, guava, rambutan, lychee, pineapple, custard apple, orange, in addition to also also water melon.

Let us begin our journey with the apple locally called ‘Pan thee’ in which as stated above – though not native to Burma – will be cultivated here since British times. As the locally grown quantities were not sufficient to meet the demand in terms of quantity in addition to also also quality apples were imported in addition to also also according to those of my friends who ate them they were very delicious. Still, apples are imported by e.g. China nevertheless they too are not so Great. They are big in addition to also also look Great nevertheless have from the way of flavour, sweetness in addition to also also juiciness not much to offer in which will be worth writing home about. Besides, they are relatively expensive.

In Burma apples are mainly cultivated from the north-eastern part of the country, from the foothills of the Shan mountains where from the higher regions at about 3510 feet/1070 metres the micro-climate will be European-like, thus the temperatures lower than the usually tropical temperatures. nevertheless in size, odour, flavour in addition to also also colour they do not quite meet the quality of those growing in western countries as the locally grown apples are rather tasteless, quite dry in addition to also also not very sweet either. As for the vitamin contents, too, the level may not be as high as in Europe producing sure in which the ‘An-apple-a-day-keeps-the-doctor-away’ method might not work out so well here.

Be in which as in which may, ‘Pan thee’ will be in Burma mainly eaten from the fresh state nevertheless can also be served as chief ingredients of deserts such as fruit salads, backed apples, apple pie in addition to also also apple strudel. They can also be processed into dried apple slices, jelly, pasteurised juice, canned sauce, cider, vinegar in addition to also also apple brandies. Apple upgrades as complement the flavour of many dishes nevertheless can also be an integral in addition to also also main part of dishes, in addition to also also will be e.g. used as ingredient of pickled white cabbage (sauerkraut), goes very well with all kinds of game, will be used as stuffing of goose roast in addition to also also also makes a tasty meal when stewed in addition to also also combined with either potato pancake or boiled potato topped with bacon sauce or in combination with fried sausage.

Apples are widely cultivated throughout temperate world regions such as northern Europe in addition to also also North America in addition to also also apple trees are best adapted to regions in which the average temperature approaches or will be dropping to freezing point in addition to also also below. Here the apples are best. The exact chilling requirements vary slightly by variety to variety nevertheless apple trees can withstand temperatures down to -40 degrees Celsius. Its native home will be most probably the region between the Caspian in addition to also also Black Sea.

The apple fruit develops by a blossom in which will be of rounded appearance in addition to also also in its majority white with stripes or tints of rose. Some apple species do, however, bloom with white or red flowers. They wary in size by slightly bigger than a cherry to a grapefruit in addition to also also have 5 seed pockets the number of seeds contained in them varying with the variety. Apple trees constitute the genus ‘Malus’ of the family ‘Rosaceae’. About seventy genera of the rose family are cultivated for e.g. food amongst them the apple in addition to also also believe in which or not the strawberry.

Strawberries though they too are not native to Burma are also cultivated here. The strawberry has no local name in addition to also also will be therefore here in Burma also called ‘strawberry’. This particular fruit in which makes up the genus ‘Fragaria’ of the family ‘Rosachilaensis’ will be although being smaller than the, e.g. in Europe consumed species developed by ‘Fragaria moschata’ growing galore throughout the cooler months of the year from the ‘Pyin Oo Lwin/Maymyo’ region. Maymyo will be located some 68 kilometres/42.5 miles north-east of Mandalay from the foot hills of the Shan mountains.

The local variety will be more like ‘Fragaria Vesca’, the forest strawberry, nevertheless very sweet when ripe.

Surely, This particular will be Great news for all those who cannot do without them for even a shorter time in addition to also also happen to be here from the right period by January to March, which – by the by – will be a time when in northern Europe the local strawberries are not yet on the market.

So, what most likely will immediately spring to the mind of western early post WW II generations visiting Maymyo/Pyin Oo Lwin during the strawberry season will be the 1964 Beatles world-hit “Strawberry Fields Forever.”

Strawberries are rich in zinc in addition to also also vitamin B9 or folic acid, which will be a coenzyme needed for forming Centeng protein in addition to also also haemoglobin (an iron-protein compound in red blood cells) in addition to also also quercetin in which helps to alleviate allergies.

Strawberries are mainly eaten from the fresh state with sugar in addition to also also cream nevertheless are also made into juice, syrup, wine, jam, used as chief ingredient of desserts such as fruit salad, ice-cream in addition to also also for e.g. strawberry tart in addition to also also cake.

The grape, local name ‘Tha byet thee’, will be another example of a fruit not native to nevertheless cultivated in Burma since some three decades. They are cultivated from the area of Meiktila (Mandalay division) nevertheless are in size, taste in addition to also also sweetness definitely inferior to, for instance, European in addition to also also North American grapes. They are eaten in a fresh state, processed into raisins, in addition to also also tread in addition to also also made into wine, which however will be more often than not on the rather sweet side. nevertheless the influx of foreign specialist during the last years has led to the production of high-quality vines mostly offered in higher class hotels in addition to also also restaurants.

The banana, locally called ‘Hnget pyaw thee’, will be like the papaya, guava in addition to also also lime one of the year-round tropical fruits. The banana tree in addition to also also the fruit are cultivated for their versatility. The local name hnget pyaw thee will be a combination of ‘hnget’ (originally spelled ‘het’), which means ‘splitting’, ‘pyaw’ what means as much as ‘pulpy’ in addition to also also ‘thee’, meaning ‘fruit’.

The banana belongs to the family ‘musaceae’ in addition to also also makes up the genus ‘musa’ one of which will be classified as ‘musa paradisiaca’, the some other ‘musa textilis’ or ‘Manila hemp’, also ‘abaca’, which will be native to the Philippines. The fibres of musa textilis are as its name denotes used for the production of high-quality matting.

The banana family with its two genera in addition to also also about 40 species in addition to also also many varieties typically occurs from the tropics in addition to also also will be originated in Southeast Asia. Bananas have sterile flowers in addition to also also the fruit develops unfertilized producing sure in which bananas contain no seeds. The production of fresh plants will be by vegetative means in addition to also also propagation will be by suckers in which develop at the bases of old plants. Planted once they multiply without end. The banana tree will be omnipresent in Burma although certain varieties prefer certain regions. in which will be almost impossible to make a step without seeing another banana tree; even from the big cities. They grow everywhere by the flatland to mountains in altitudes of 4.000 feet.

from the tropics the stems are annual. They die after perfecting the fruit in addition to also also then fresh stems develop by the buds from the rootstock. Their growth will be so rapid in which their fruit will be usually ripe within 10 months after the offsets are planted. The banana fruit itself ripens within about 6 months as will be reflected from the local wisdom: “The bunch of bananas will be ripe in addition to also also fit when the babies learn to sit.”

The stems, which are actually not a stem at all nevertheless overlapping leaf bases can grow to a height of 10 to 40 feet/3 to 12 metres with crowns of large leaves of a lengths of up to 10 feet/3 metres. The flowers spring by the centre of the crown in addition to also also are arranged in whorl-like clusters along the spike. The flowers on the top are male flowers in addition to also also those at the base female flowers.

The banana fruit varies in lengths by about 4 to 12 inches/10 to 30 centimetres in addition to also also the average weight of a bunch will be about 25 lb/about 11 kg with some of them exceeding 40 lb/18 kg. The edible part of the banana fruit contains on average 75 percent water, 21 percent carbohydrate in addition to also also about 1 percent each of the fat, protein, fibre in addition to also also ash. Usually the banana will be of yellow colour nevertheless there are also green, red in addition to also also blue varieties, the latter being very rare.

After having worked ourselves through a lot of rather general stuff pertinent to the banana issue we will currently come to the part with more local flavour in addition to also also take a closer look at the ‘Burma banana family’ with some 12 members out of some 25 varieties in which are said to exist in Burma.

Our ‘family’ however consists of those varieties in which are mainly cultivated. Starting with the smallest one, the first member of This particular family will be ‘musa cavendishii’, the tiny, sweet in addition to also also slightly sour Chinese variety with the local name ‘Wet malut’ or ‘Pig’s limbo tree’.

Two some other members locally called ‘Thee Hmwey’ or ‘fragrant fruit/banana fruit’ are the golden yellow thin-skinned in which in addition to also also the even when fully ripe thin-skinned green one. They are my favourite in addition to also also very tasty. To my opinion not one of the European import standard brands comes close to in which. The fruit pulp of both will be of slightly yellowish-white colour in addition to also also not too soft.

Since a family to be complete needs a mother we take for in which the ‘Nanthabu’ or ‘short in addition to also also perfumed’. Nanthabu makes a Great mother because in which will be petit, fragrant, soft-skinned, well in addition to also also round shaped, sweet with firm yet soft texture (like the thee hmwey) in addition to also also not stringent.

Wet malut’s (the smallest family member) bigger brother will be ‘Hpee gyann’ or ‘coarse hand’, a name in which indicates in which the fruit has here in addition to also also there grainy excrescences. Unlike some other varieties, which are not very tolerant to pressure This particular one can take a biff as in which will be very thick-skinned. The fruit will be very thick in addition to also also angular in shape. Its pulp will be a bit sour in addition to also also grainy in addition to also also has like its brother ‘Hnget pyaw’ or ‘blue banana’ the skin of which sheens silvery-grey medicinal properties as in which will be conducive to digestion in addition to also also bowl movement.

The father of the ‘Burma banana family’ will be ‘Byat pyeih’ or ‘tray full’. Byat pyeih will be huge in addition to also also therefore nicknamed by locals ‘Hsin an’ what means ‘elephant tooth’. The fruit will be bulky in addition to also also its bunch will be very heavy due to the giant size of bananas of This particular variety. You eat a maximum of four of them in addition to also also you have definitely had your fill. The edible part of the fruit will be compared to some other varieties rather tasteless in addition to also also has quite a coarse texture nevertheless will be none the less very well edible. I like in which.

The eldest son in addition to also also pride of the family will be ‘Shwe nga pyaw’ (‘Shweyni’) or the variety ‘Rubra’ of ‘Musa sapientum’. This particular variety will be also known as golden or red banana. In its early stage in which will be of greenish-brown colour nevertheless as in which matures in which takes on a more in addition to also also more shimmering red in addition to also also in places reddish-golden/yellow colour. The fruit will be almost as bulky in addition to also also huge as byat pyeih in addition to also also its pulp will be slightly mealy, scented. in which features a slight after-taste of a kind which may not be to everyone’s taste in addition to also also will be more on the yellow side yellowish-white. Shwe nga pyaw will be the favourite banana for ceremonial offerings in addition to also also comparatively expensive.

Two some other family members are by Rakhine State on Burma’s west coast at the Gulf of Bengal. These are locally called ‘Rakhine nga pyaw’ or ‘Rakhine banana’ in addition to also also ‘Nga pyaw chin’ or ‘Sour banana’. Rakhine nga pyaw will be called by the Arakanese (Rakhine nationals) ‘Kalar nga pyaw’ or ‘Indian banana’. The fruit features a round Centeng that has a yellow in addition to also also thin skin. The pulp will be soft, yellowish-white in addition to also also features a very pleasant, sweet taste what makes in which much sought after. Nga pyaw gyin (sour banana) will be as the name implies slightly more stringent in addition to also also smaller in size than Rakhine nga pyaw yet quite tasty.

The next – also a fragrant type – will be ‘Musa sapientum var. champa’, locally called ‘Htawbhat nga pyaw’ or ‘butter banana’ what gives already the information in which the pulp of This particular variety will be of creamy texture. The taste will be pleasantly sweet, slightly fragrant in addition to also also its skin will be thin in addition to also also yellow. Personally, I find the pulp a bit too soft nevertheless the taste will be Great.

The last member of our ‘Burma banana family’ will be locally called ‘Thange zar’ or ‘Children food’. Its pulp will be somewhat grainy, sweet in addition to also also slightly stringent. In size the fruit will be rather tiny in addition to also also its skin will be yellow.

The banana fruit will be generally eaten in a fresh state either as part of a meal or in between. However, in which will be also served as chief ingredients of various cakes, deep fried that has a coat of rice flour batter, as pancake filling or coated in a layer of chocolate on a stick. in which will be also preserved into crispy, dried slices (banana chips) with in addition to also also without honey.

nevertheless in which will be not only the banana fruit in which will be eaten. Its flower in addition to also also the core of the stem too are very delicious. The red flower petals of the bud at the apex of the spike give a very tasty salad.

Slices of the core of the banana tree stem are indispensable part of Burma’s very favorite breakfast dish ‘Mohinga’, which will be a thick, peppery, yellow fish soup/gravy made of fish, banana stem, ginger, garlic, lemon grass, oil, chilli powder in addition to also also turmeric in which will be eaten with rice-noodles. in which will be very, very tasty.

Finally, the banana bud will be also an architectural design motif, locally called ‘Hnget pyaw bu’ in addition to also also plays as such an important role in Buddhist architecture. The banana bud will be to be seen on tired roofs of pagodas, monasteries in addition to also also from the spires of stupas.

The next year-round fruits in Burma are ‘citrus fruits’, namely the lemon, lime in addition to also also the grapefruit/pomelo.

Citrus will be the common name for several related evergreen trees in addition to also also shrubs of the rue family in addition to also also generally for the fruits they produce. This particular includes the citron, grapefruit, shaddock/pomelo, lemon, lime, orange, tangerine in addition to also also bergamot (a pear-shaped orange). Citrus are native to Southeast Asia, belong to the family ‘Rutaceae’ in addition to also also constitute the genus ‘Citrus’.

The lemon, also of the category ‘year-round’, locally called ‘Than ma yo thee’ develops by blossoms with 5 petals in which are on the upper surface white in addition to also also on the lower surface pinkish. The trees are cultivated throughout the tropical in addition to also also subtropical regions in addition to also also are tiny in addition to also also thorny. They grow to about 10 to 20 feet/3 to 6 metres height in addition to also also are sparsely covered by foliage.

The lemon fruit will be of pale yellow colour, elliptically shaped in addition to also also technically a berry. Its pulp consists of 8 to 10 segments, will be of light-yellow colour in addition to also also contains tiny, pointed, white seeds. The peel surrounding the fruit contains ‘oil of lemon’, which will be used from the manufacturing of perfumes in addition to also also lemon flavouring. The fruit will be picked six to ten times yearly in addition to also also a mature lemon tree may produce 1.000 to 2.000 fruits in This particular period.

Usually, the fruit will be because of its stringency not eaten nevertheless cultivated for its juice in which will be refreshing in addition to also also has medicinal properties in addition to also also flavour. Lemon juice in addition to also also/or syrup will be used widely as a constituent of beverages, as a drink, salad dressing in addition to also also as flavouring. The pulp of the lemon will be used to producing concentrated lemon juice in which will be used medicinal for its high vitamin C in addition to also also ascorbic acid content.

In Burma, lemon juice will be much favoured as present for elderly family members around the full moon day of Thadingyut in which falls into September/October. Lemon will be an antiseptic in addition to also also due to its vitamin contents ant scorbutic, which are properties in which are conducive to maintaining teeth in addition to also also bones, the cleansing of Centeng impurities in addition to also also the prevention of diseases. Lemon will be classified as ‘Citris limon’.

Lime will be native to Southeast Asia in addition to also also cultivated chiefly in tropical regions. Its local name will be ‘Tham ya thee’ in addition to also also its fruit develops by white flowers, which have 5 petals. in which will be spherical to oval in shape that has a thick, yellow-greed rind. The pulpy flesh of the segments will be acid, juicy in addition to also also of yellowish-green colour. The lime tree grows to a height of approx. 15 feet/4.6 metres. Lime juice contains tiny quantities of vitamin C. Lime will be classified as ‘Citrus aurantifolia’ in addition to also also the Perrine lemon as ‘Citrus limon aurantifolia’.

currently we have reached the end of This particular leg of our long journey through the flora of Burma in addition to also also I expect in which you have enjoyed in which (I have done my best to keep things entertaining) in addition to also also on our way developed an appetite for the ‘Fruits of Burma’. They are at their best here in Burma where they grow in addition to also also are waiting for you.

The Fruits Of Burma, Mango, Papaya in addition to also also Co Part 1

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